President Joe Biden is set to sign a comprehensive executive order to shape the development of artificial intelligence (AI), emphasizing the need for safety, security, and consumer protection standards in the AI industry. This move reflects the government’s commitment to harnessing AI’s potential while mitigating its risks. Biden has a personal interest in AI due to its potential impact on the economy and national security.
The urgency surrounding AI’s regulation and governance is evident in the President’s directive to his staff. He stressed the need to keep pace with the technology, acknowledging that past governmental inaction has resulted in issues like social media’s impact on youth mental health.
AI offers significant benefits, such as accelerating cancer research, modeling climate change impacts, enhancing economic output, and improving government services. However, it also carries potential risks, including the spread of false information, exacerbating racial and social inequalities, and aiding scammers and criminals.
The Biden AI executive order builds on voluntary commitments made by tech companies and represents a broader strategy that includes potential congressional legislation and international diplomacy. It acknowledges the disruptive influence of new AI tools like ChatGPT, which can generate text, images, and sounds.
Under the order, leading AI developers will be required to share safety test results and information with the government using the Defense Production Act. The National Institute of Standards and Technology will establish standards to ensure the safety and security of AI tools before their public release. Additionally, the Commerce Department will provide guidance on labeling and watermarking AI-generated content to distinguish between authentic and AI-generated interactions.
The executive order also addresses matters related to privacy, civil rights, consumer protection, scientific research, and worker rights. The order’s implementation will be carried out over a range of 90 days to 365 days, with a focus on safety and security measures with the earliest deadlines.
This executive order reflects a commitment to responsible AI development and regulation, ensuring that AI’s positive potential can be harnessed while addressing the real-world harms it may pose.