A recent study by India’s Chandrayaan 3 space mission has uncovered a surprising difference in temperatures on the moon. Scientists were amazed to find that the temperature near the moon’s surface reached a high of 70 degrees Celsius, which was not what they had expected. They had thought it would be around 20 to 30 degrees Celsius where Chandrayaan 3 landed.
The difference in temperature is fascinating because we don’t see such big changes in temperature on Earth’s surface. A scientist from Chandrayaan 3 explained that on Earth, the temperature only changes a little when we go a few centimeters below the surface. But on the moon, the temperature changes by a much bigger amount, about 50 degrees Celsius, which is really interesting for scientists to learn about.
The temperature on the moon’s surface near the south pole varies between 70 degrees Celsius and minus 10 degrees Celsius. This is the first time we’ve learned about these temperatures thanks to Chandrayaan 3.
Chandrayaan 3 used a special tool called Vikram to measure the temperature at different depths below the surface. According to the data, the temperature is about 50 degrees Celsius at ground level, then goes up to over 60 degrees Celsius at a height of 20 centimeters. But when you go really deep, about 80 centimeters below the surface, the temperature drops a lot to minus 10 degrees Celsius.
These temperature measurements were taken during the day on the moon, since it has its own day and night cycle, just like Earth. The moon’s south pole gets less sunlight, and that’s why Chandrayaan 3 landed there to study this interesting area.
Chandrayaan 3 continues to send back important information, teaching us new things about the moon’s environment and surprising us with its discoveries.